National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of Assam

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There are a total of 5 National Parks and 18 Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam. Out of the National Parks, Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park are UNESCO World heritage sites.

1. Kaziranga National Park:

  • Designated as National Park in 1974
  • Declared World Heritage Site in 1985
  • Declared Tiger Reserve in 2007
  • Animal found One horned Rhinoceros, Wild Water Buffalo, Wild Boar, Swamp Deer

2. Manas National Park:

  • Designated as National Park in 1990
  • Declared World Heritage site in 1985
  • Declared as Tiger Reserve in 1973
  • Animals found Royal Bengal Tiger, Golden Langur, Hispid Hare, Pygmy Hog

3. Dibru – Saikhowa National Park:

  • Designated as National Park in 1999
  • Primary Habitat of White Wing Wood Duck
  • Only forest Reserve of the world where wild Horses are foundBlack Breasted Parotbill and Black Crowned Night Heron other two types of bird found here.

4. Nameri National Park:

  • Situated in Sonitpur District.
  • Offcially recognized as National Park in1998
  • Jia Bhorali river makes Nameri National Park more adventurous.

5. Orang National Park(Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park):

  • Situated in Darrang & Sonitpur District
  • Officially recognized as National Park in 1999
  • Almost 80% of the National Park is grassland.

 

 

Wildlife Sanctuaries:

There are total 18 Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam

Wildlife Sanctuaries(WS) Location Wildlife Sanctuaries(WS) Location
Amchang WS Metro(Kamrup) East Karbi – Anglong WS Karbi – Anglong
Bherajan  Borjan WS Tinsukia Hollongapar WS Jorhat
Bornadee WS Udalguri Garampani WS Karbi – Anglong
Borail WS Cachar & Karimgang Laokhowa WS Nagaon
Burachapori WS Sonitpur Nambor WS Karbi- Anglong
Chakrasila WS Kokrajhar Narat – Longri WS Karbi – Anglong
Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary Kamrup(Metro) Nambor – Doigurang WS Golaghat
Dihing Patkai WS Dibrugarh & Tinisukia Pobitora WS Morigaon
Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary Kamrup(Metro) Nambor – Doigurang WS Golaghat
Dihing Patkai WS Dibrugarh & Tinisukia Pobitora WS Morigaon
Panidihing  WS Sibasagar Sonai – Rupai WS Sonitpur

Other Important points

  • There are 2 World Heritage Sites, 2 Biosphere reserves, 3 tiger reserves, 5 elephant reserves
  • Hollock Gibbon is found only in Assam across India.
  • 45 bird species out of  600 birds are enlisted as highly endangered.
  • In addition nearly 50% of the total 1500 reported species of butterflies are found in Assam.
  • 293 species of orchids are found in Assam which is 25% of the species found in India.

Sources: Department of Environment and Forests(Government of Assam)

Images Source: Google Images, Maps of India

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